In the 1950s, Berta and Karel Bobath developed a method of stroke rehabilitation. Their method differed from other physiotherapy methods at the time, as it was based on a few assumptions:
- Performance can be facilitated by the therapist;
- Spasticity can be inhibited, thus permitting more normal movement; and
- These interventions can optimise recovery from brain damage.
However, research into neuromotor control and movement science refutes the assumptions that underpin these methods. Despite this, Bobath therapy has become widely used.