Pelvic floor muscle training should be the first therapeutic option for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. However, an essential requirement for initiating pelvic floor muscle training is the ability to contract the pelvic floor muscles correctly.
Past research has shown that 70 percent of women with pelvic floor dysfunction were unable to contract their pelvic floor muscles correctly and 97 percent could perform only a weak contraction. Because these muscles are not directly visible to the patient, teaching correct contractions can be a challenge for physiotherapists.
An international collaboration of physiotherapists conducted a randomised trial of intravaginal electrical stimulation to see whether it could assist women with stress urinary incontinence to learn to contract their pelvic floor muscles more effectively.