Risk factors for calf muscle strain injuries in sports

...an overview of the literature

Calf muscle strains represent one of the highest soft tissue injury incidences in sports that involve high running loads, speed and acceleration and deceleration. This 2017 systematic review identified increasing age and previous history of calf strain as the strongest risk factors for future calf muscle injury. This may be explained by neuromuscular maladaptations and loss in skeletal muscle tissue quality and function that occurs with increasing age. Previous injury may create maladaptive responses affecting factors relating to strength, neurology and tissue architecture as seen post hamstring and ACL injury.


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