This prospective longitudinal study reviewed 1592 eligible patients who had undergone a primary or revision ACLR. Patient reported outcomes (IKDC, KOOS and Marx) were administered due the unique vantage point of analysis of interventions and were given at baseline, 2 year, 6 year and 10 year follow-up.
Consistent risk factors for inferior reports at 10 years included: lower baseline score, higher BMI, smoker at baseline and having prior medial meniscus procedure performed prior to ACLR. Other notable factors included; female sex, older age, lower education level, surgical revision, having articular cartilage grade 3 to 4 or having any further surgery post ACLR.
Coincidently, sport type, level of competition, graft type, MCL or LCL lesions at time of ACLR or surgeon selection were not found to have negative impact on 10 year outcome. Furthermore, IKDC and KOOS scores were found to increase after ACLR and were sustained at 10-year follow-up.