Biopsychosocial factors and chronic upper limb pain

...a cross-sectional study exploring the association

Pain in the upper limb is frequent among employees with repetitive and forceful job tasks. A recent study showed a prevalence of pain in the shoulder, elbow and hand/ wrist of 60, 40 and 52%, respectively, among 645 Danish slaughterhouse workers. 38% of the workers reported work disability due to upper limb pain. Chronic pain is a combination of complex biopsychosocial factors, such as fear avoidance. Therefore, functional capacity assessments should assess biological, psychological and social factors.


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