Provocative tests for the elbow, wrist and hand

Here are some useful provocative tests for the hand, wrist and elbow!

Provocative testing is an important component of clinical evaluation of the hand, wrist and elbow. The clinical use of provocative tests is an integrate part of trying to determine either the presence or absence of pathology, that may involve nerves, tendons, ligaments, joint capsules, bones and articular cartilage. The current review attempted to rate the tests according to the likelihood ratio of the test.

The purpose of this quantitative narrative review was firstly to identify and describe provocative tests that are able to determine the presence or absence of pathology in the hand, wrist and elbow; secondly it aims to provide assistance for clinicians in choosing the most useful tests for determining the presence or absence of pathology.


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