Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) affects around 5 percent of healthy children. Although the consequences of persistent toe walking are unclear, it may lead to a higher chance of tripping and falling, and might have a social or cosmetic impact.
This Cochrane review investigated which conservative and surgical interventions are effective in the treatment of children with ITW. Four studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review. However, only one study provided data that could be included for meta-analysis.