Women are generally more self-aware than men. It is unclear whether athletes and non-athletes differ in the opinion on their appearances.
In the existing literature, a link can be found between tasks (such as appearances or the nature of physical activity) and contextual pressures (coaches, bullies, judges) to fit the expectations of a person regarding his/ her physical appearance.
In this study 138 horse-riding (English riding and Western riding) students from 7 universities throughout the United States were included. One-third rode Western, the others rode English.
The researchers aimed to calculate the risk for eating disorders for the total sample (based on their age and their riding disipline). Besides this, they wanted to compare the demograpic information, BMI, surveys and academic state. The BMI and surveys were used to classify people at risk vs. not at risk for disordered eating.