This study included 52 participants (mean age: 54 years). The study period was eight weeks, with two four-week phases. Participants were randomly assigned into either the treatment or the control group. The treatment group received a modified version of the Otago Exercise Programme; the control group did not receive any exercises but were advised to continue with their current lifestyle routines.
The modified Otago Exercise Programme consisted of balance exercises, a.o.: single-legged stance, heel to toe walking and heel walking. Strength exercises, such as standing hip abduction and wall sits were also included.
The Y-Balance Test was used pre- and post-intervention to measure dynamic balance when reaching forward, sideways and backward. Over the course of the eight-week study, the intervention group showed a significant improvement on the Y-Balance Test, whereas the control group did not.