Post-concussion syndrome - what is it, what influences it?

At what point does a concussion become post-concussion syndrome, and which factors contribute to this?

It is estimated that 42 million head injuries occur globally each year. In countries such as the United States, it is estimated that up to 1.5 million head injuries occur annually, but statistics for other nations are not as well-documented.

Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is the clustering of symptoms that persists beyond 3 months after trauma, and often results in debilitating symptoms such as persistent headaches, fatigue, and difficulty engaging in employment and social roles.

This study investigated the prevalence of PCS, specifically in a rural country such as Ethiopia, and the impact of on-going concussion symptoms and PCS in this area. This study also sought to establish if the factors impacting the criteria for PCS were similar in Ethiopia as compared to other countries with documented PCS input, such as the United States and New Zealand.


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