Psychological well-being in MS and spinal cord injury

...training helps to improve, but but mild physical activity seems insufficient

  • Physical activity more effective against depression than anxiety
  • Frequent exercise causes permanent reduction symptom severity
  • Moderate to strenuous physical activity required, low-intensity barely helps

Adults with multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury, muscular dystrophy, or the post-polio syndrome can substantially reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression by frequently performing (moderate intensity) physical activity. Low-intensity physical activity seems insufficient to obtain significant improvements in psychological functioning. This can be concluded based on an American study in which researchers had 1,500 participants with a physical disability completing a variety of different questionnaires on baseline, at one year and at four years after baseline.


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