The purpose of this study was to evaluate different treatment strategies and to compare these with eachother. Treatment strategies such as exercise, splint therapy, massage therapy and manual therapy were included in this review.
Hypertrophy of the masseter muscle often causes tension type headache. Manual therapy and massage therapy aim to treat trigger points and/ or mobilise the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), especially when there is a disc displacement and the disorder involves sliding and gliding movements.
When a TMD goes accompanied by somatic symptoms like sleep disorders or chronic pain, there are other treatment options, like oral and injectable procedures. In severe cases, surgical procedures (such as disc releases) can be performed to reduce the inflammatory processes.