Frozen shoulder contracture syndrome

…Aetiology, diagnosis and management of frozen shoulders

In frozen shoulders, a number of morphological and histological changes has been observed that may contribute to the onset and maintaining of the condition. The joint capsule contracts and the rotator interval thickens, causing a reduced joint volume; neovascularity increases, concentrations of cytokines and substance P rise, and fibroblasts and myofibroblasts proliferate. All of these changes occur in a more or less similar manner in Dupuytren’s disease.


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